Rise (as a verb, intransitive) means to move, or appear to move, physically upwards relative to the ground; to move upwards; to grow upward; to assume an upright position; to leave one’s bed; to get up; to be resurrected; to terminate an official sitting; to adjourn.
She reluctantly rose from the chair.
She watched the sun rise behind the mountains.
This white spruce rises to a height of twenty feet.
Put the dough in a warm place and wait for it to rise.
As the child looked on and watched nervously, the balloon rose gently (up) into the air.
She knew that might get a rise out of him. (an angry reaction)
Rise (as a noun): the process of or an action or instance of moving upwards or becoming greater:
There has been a sharp rise of gold prices since last week.
A considerable rise in his pay rate; a raise (US)
The rise of nationalism in Europe
The rise of female empowerment
The low rise pants aren’t always her best choice.
Arise (as a verb) means to come up from a lower to a higher position; to come into action; to spring up; being, or notice; to become operative; sensible; or visible; to begin to act a part; to present itself; to come up from one’s bed or place of repose; to get up.
She arose early in the morning for her morning prayers.
The air got colder as a dark thick cloud arose above the hills.
He is not always willing to walk his talk and won’t be ready when an opportunity arose.
A problem has arisen with my ration card.
To distinguish the verb ‘rise’ from the verb ‘arise’, you can tell the difference that the ‘rise’ is an intransitive verb, i.e. it’s not followed by a direct object.
The sun rises in the East.
Rise can also be used to show that something abstract is going up, as for example in
Gold prices are rising again.
Arise means ‘happen’ or ‘occur’. We use it with abstract nouns (opportunity, problem, love, joy, excitement, etc.). The three forms of arise are arise, arose, arisen. It is used in formal contexts. Both ‘rise’ and ‘arise’ are irregular verbs:
The problem arose for organizers when Justin didn’t turn up for the concert.
Now the question arises when we use ‘rise’ and when ‘arise’. The answer is simple — we use the verb ‘rise’ when we mean to physically move in an upward direction. On the other hand, we use ‘arise’ when we want to express the sense of something coming into being, originating or happening. That SOMETHING may be a problem, a difficulty, a situation, a necessity, an occasion, etc. Hence, ‘arise’ is a verb with an abstract meaning showing that something is happening and even people are aware of it happening:
When something rises, it moves upwards.
A murmuration of birds rose from the tree-tops.
The farmer community rose (up) against the government demanding the repeal of new agriculture laws.
She promised to help her ex-husband if the occasion arose.
Now the question has arisen whether the government of the state can be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.