Misinformation vs. Disinformation


Misinformation = False or inaccurate information, especially that which is deliberately intended to deceive.


Disinformation = False information which is intended to mislead, especially propaganda issued by a government organization to a rival power or the media.


Both misinformation and disinformation denote the information that is incorrect or misleading. Misinformation is unintentionally false whereas disinformation is intentionally false or inaccurate which is spread deliberately. Disinformation much more strongly suggests that the information is made so and spread in order to deceive people.


So, misinformation is the wrong information, or the fact that can be given negligently, or carelessly:


There’s so much misinformation about the polio vaccine in the village that health workers were driven away at first sight.

You’d better have your facts straight as they are based on misinformation.

The minister said that most of his rival’s information and propaganda is based on misinformation.

Anybody spreading misinformation and making insulting and derogatory remarks about any group will be barred from joining the club.

It is a sad thing you have allowed your competitors coming out on false pricing comparisons and now you are struggling to fight back this misinformation.

Though it could have been deliberate misinformation, the investigating agencies don’t want to take chances.


Disinformation, on the other hand, is spread with an act of deception and based on falsehood. For example – If a government presented its unemployment data with wrong information because the numbers were embarrassing, that would be disinformation. Disinformation is often exaggerated and is wartime propaganda reported by media:


Ahead of the election, there was so much malicious and continuous disinformation given by media to the people.

They have ruled the state all through these years with their sneaky methods, disinformation and manipulation of laws.

The whole report is full of misinformation, disinformation, and based on just plain lies.

A campaign of disinformation had been under way prior to the German invasion.

During a war, both sides brag about their military might and spread disinformation.

When you are a true follower, you cannot distinguish between information and disinformation.

The UNESCO’s theme for this year’s World Press Freedom day on May 3 is, “Media for Democracy: Journalism and Elections in Times of Disinformation”. 


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